Sources of Business Finance

Sources of business finance can be studied under the following heads:

(1) Short Term Finance:

Short-term finance is needed to fulfill the current needs of business. The current needs may include payment of taxes, salaries or wages, repair expenses, payment to creditor etc. The need for short term finance arises because sales revenues and purchase payments are not perfectly same at all the time. Sometimes sales can be low as compared to purchases. Further sales may be on credit while purchases are on cash. So short term finance is needed to match these disequilibrium.

Sources of short term finance are as follows:

(i) Bank Overdraft: Bank overdraft is very widely used source of business finance. Under this client can draw certain sum of money over and above his original account balance. Thus it is easier for the businessman to meet short term unexpected expenses.

(ii) Bill Discounting: Bills of exchange can be discounted at the banks. This provides cash to the holder of the bill which can be used to finance immediate needs.

(iii) Advances from Customers: Advances are primarily demanded and received for the confirmation of orders However, these are also used as source of financing the operations necessary to execute the job order.

(iv) Installment Purchases: Purchasing on installment gives more time to make payments. The deferred payments are used as a source of financing small expenses which are to be paid immediately.

(v) Bill of Lading: Bill of lading and other export and import documents are used as a guarantee to take loan from banks and that loan amount can be used as finance for a short time period.

(vi) Financial Institutions: Different financial institutions also help businessmen to get out of financial difficulties by providing short-term loans. Certain co-operative societies can arrange short term financial assistance for businessmen.

(vii) Trade Credit: It is the usual practice of the businessmen to buy raw material, store and spares on credit. Such transactions result in increasing accounts payable of the business which are to be paid after a certain time period. Goods are sold on cash and payment is made after 30, 60, or 90 days. This allows some freedom to businessmen in meeting financial difficulties.

(2) Medium Term Finance:

This finance is required to meet the medium term (1-5 years) requirements of the business. Such finances are basically required for the balancing, modernization and replacement of machinery and plant. These are also needed for re-engineering of the organization. They aid the management in completing medium term capital projects within planned time. Following are the sources of medium term finance:

(i) Commercial Banks: Commercial banks are the major source of medium term finance. They provide loans for different time-period against appropriate securities. At the termination of terms the loan can be re-negotiated, if required.

(ii) Hire Purchase: Hire purchase means buying on installments. It allows the business house to have the required goods with payments to be made in future in agreed installment. Needless to say that some interest is always charged on outstanding amount.

(iii) Financial Institutions: Several financial institutions such as SME Bank, Industrial Development Bank, etc., also provide medium and long-term finances. Besides providing finance they also provide technical and managerial assistance on different matters.

(iv) Debentures and TFCs: Debentures and TFCs (Terms Finance Certificates) are also used as a source of medium term finances. Debentures is an acknowledgement of loan from the company. It can be of any duration as agreed among the parties. The debenture holder enjoys return at a fixed rate of interest. Under Islamic mode of financing debentures has been replaced by TFCs.

(v) Insurance Companies: Insurance companies have a large pool of funds contributed by their policy holders. Insurance companies grant loans and make investments out of this pool. Such loans are the source of medium term financing for various businesses.

(3) Long Term Finance:

Long term finances are those that are required on permanent basis or for more than five years tenure. They are basically desired to meet structural changes in business or for heavy modernization expenses. These are also needed to initiate a new business plan or for a long term developmental projects. Following are its sources:

(i) Equity Shares: This method is most widely used all over the world to raise long term finance. Equity shares are subscribed by public to generate the capital base of a large scale business. The equity share holders shares the profit and loss of the business. This method is safe and secured, in a sense that amount once received is only paid back at the time of wounding up of the company.

(ii) Retained Earnings: Retained earnings are the reserves which are generated from the excess profits. In times of need they can be used to finance the business project. This is also called ploughing back of profits.

(iii) Leasing: Leasing is also a source of long term finance. With the help of leasing, new equipment can be acquired without any heavy outflow of cash.

(iv) Financial Institutions: Different financial institutions such as former PICIC also provide long term loans to business houses.

(v) Debentures: Debentures and Participation Term Certificates are also used as a source of long term financing.

Conclusion:

These are various sources of finance. In fact there is no hard and fast rule to differentiate among short and medium term sources or medium and long term sources. A source for example commercial bank can provide both a short term or a long term loan according to the needs of client. However, all these sources are frequently used in the modern business world for raising finances.

Your Bank and Business Financing – Reality Check

Business owners and managers want to compare equipment finance companies to their bank and for a good reason; a bank is a company’s first point of reference when borrowing money or financing equipment or an expansion project. A bank is the most obvious place to start and a secure place to store your money and use their multiple services. But what a bank does not do well, both historically because of their structure and the recent tightening of the credit market, is offer business financing for capital assets (equipment). Yet many people get confused when looking for an equipment loan because they are not seeing the whole picture; this is a case where you definitely want to compare apples to apples to get the best results.

Here are a few points to compare; these are not set in stone but based on years of experience, these trends apply a majority of the time.

1) Total Dollars Financed – banks normally require that you keep a balance of 20% or 30% of the equipment loan amount on deposit. This means they are only financing 70% or 80% of your equipment costs because you have to keep a certain amount of YOUR money in a fixed account for the duration of the loan. In contrast, an equipment finance company will cover 100% of the equipment including all “soft” costs and will only request a one or two month prepayment. No fixed deposits required.

2) Soft Costs – banks also will normally not cover “soft” costs like labor, warrantees, consulting and installation which means these costs come out of your pocket. An equipment finance company will cover 100% of the equipment price including “soft” costs and some projects can be financed with 100% “soft” costs which no bank would ever consider.

3) Interest Rates – this is the most popular question in the finance world; what’s my rate? If the bank requires 30% deposit in a fixed account then that automatically raises a 5% interest rate to a 20% rate. Now people will argue that you get that deposited money back at the end of the term but that is money which you do not have access to and has an opportunity cost associated with it. Equipment finance companies target their financing rates between 3-5% for cities and 7-9% for commercial financing which is a real fixed rate and not under-stated as the bank rates can be thus independent finance company rates are very competitive with “true” bank rates.

4) Process Speed – banks often take weeks to review and approve a finance request while independent finance companies normally only take a few days and can work much more quickly. Finance underwriters only review business financing while a bank has other types of requests clogging their channel.

Banks also have many more levels of approval and review to pass while independent finance companies normally only have two, underwriting and credit committee. Even with complicated deals, the finance company’s process is always faster.

5) Guarantee – banks require, as a standard part of their documentation, a blanket lien on all assets, both personal and business assets are used as guarantee against default on the loan. Your business assets, your home, your car, and your boat can all be on the line when entering into a bank transaction. This may also be the case with an equipment financing company but if your business operation is solvent then only your business will be listed as collateral and not your personal assets; this is known as a “corp only” approval.

6) Monitoring – banks require yearly “re-qualifying” of all their business accounts which means on the anniversary date of your loan each year, you must submit requested financial documents to assure the bank that everything is going well and nothing has affected your business in a negative way. Finance companies do not require anything during the term of the loan or finance as long as the monthly payments are made on time. Nobody will be checking into your business or policing what you do.

When comparing your bank financing to an independent equipment finance company, you have to make sure you are evaluating all the key parameters, not just one. Clearly, the fine print and terms of the transaction are more important than the big numbers. Banks work well within their space but have proven time and again not to be as flexible or solution-oriented as an independent finance company which solely focuses on business lending can be.

Business Finance Brokers: Knowing How They Can Help You

Planning to purchase a business unfortunately do not know where to start looking for finance? Are you currently a bit too busy to be undertaking some researching plus negotiating with business finance brokers? Have you been beginning to lose hope because you are always rejected by lending companies or banking institutions?

When your reply is a definite ‘yes’ to these questions then it could be the very best time and also a smart idea to obtain the aid of a business finance broker who is able to accomplish all the finance arrangements in your part.

It truly is significant that you get a very good business finance broker as a good broker provides a dedicated one-to-one service and keeps you fully up to date of the available alternatives, what every single option entails along with its benefits and downside. A good broker is knowledgeable in finding a wide range of suitable finance options without delay. In addition, he offers the expertise to negotiate a better deal than you can do by yourself.

A business finance broker is aware of which type of financing you need. The kind of financing that you will need will depend on your financial means, your expected profit margin, the sector you want to enter plus some other factors. A broker makes the whole process simple and easy; in most cases he gathers some basic information from you via phone and provides a decision in principle within 24 or 48 hours.

When you have determined which financial providers to approach, the brokers can help you tailor and present your proposals in the right way. In order to help tailor your proposals and also to avoid rejections they keep up to date with any policy changes at banks.

The method that you present your proposal can often be the cause of being rejected for finance.

The moment you ponder on raising funds to obtain a business, what comes first to your mind is to get finance from banks. Yet you ought to be knowledgeable that there are a myriad of lenders these days and some of which specialize in particular products or industries. For instance if perhaps you wish to purchase a garage business, it would make sense to request finance from a lender which specializes in funding garages.

A finance broker is knowledgeable with the diverse market for finance provision. Odds are that you’ll find the process complicated and time intensive and find yourself land up picking the wrong business finance provider. You need the aid of a broker to get the best deal.

In regards to raising finance, a one-dimensional approach can be a bad idea. Quite often, banks lend on inflexible terms and more frequently they turn down individuals who are with greatest need.

Business finance brokers aid you have a whole lot more options besides banks. He will likewise tailor a financial package that suits your needs as well as resources from a wide selection of finance companies and kinds of finance.

Because brokers are up to par and extensively knowledgeable of the financial provision market they are fully aware precisely how much leverage they have in negotiations. Thus the moment you have selected a number of providers, the broker can use his expertise in negotiating to obtain a deal with the terms and rates that best accommodates your needs.

Bear in mind that the choice is always yours. A broker is there to offer you options and also assist you have an understanding of them to produce a well-informed choice.

A business finance broker can help beyond purchasing a business – he can assist you obtain working capital as your business grows and expands. Brokers also offer assistance on business planning, consulting, management buyouts, business restructuring, and also buy-ins and turnaround finance.

By simply using the services of a reliable finance broker like Enable Finance you’ll save yourself money and time plus obtain a financial deal that accommodates you best.

Business Finance Training and Effective Business Solutions

Business finance training refers to programs that teach individuals how to handle various financial duties. Finance training is similar to finance tips in that both help business owners make better monetary decisions, but training programs offer a more detailed explanation of finance strategies. Training programs vary in price and can be used by the owners and employees of a business.

The most basic business finance training provide information on budgeting, preparing financial statements, managing cash flow, strategizing, forecasting, improving performance, and applying basic procedures and concepts to more effectively manage a business. These programs are recommended for new business owners to help them understand standard business practices. Once these basic methods are mastered, more specific financial training may be looked into.

Advanced business finance training delves more deeply into a certain financial procedure or concept, usually at a higher cost than basic programs. Advanced programs may teach business owners how to set up effective business models, make decisions based on quantitative analysis, manage and control accounts, practice due diligence, measure productivity, and strategize concerning mergers and acquisitions.

Taking part in any kind of business finance training gives a business owner the resources to make more intelligent business decisions that result in increased productivity and profits. Many different types of courses are available either online or at a specified location. Some programs may even offer the option to train at the business. Taking into consideration the needs and abilities of a business is the key to finding the best business finance training.

A business finance solution generally refers to methods of funding and maintaining the finances of a business. Most solutions involve ways of obtaining working capital, but others also offer ways of protecting and increasing that capital.

To obtain working capital, business owners look to finance solutions that offer funding by several different means. The most common means are loans and financing. Asset-based loans use a business’s assets, such as inventory and equipment, as collateral. A business may also opt for a property loan in order to acquire commercial space. Invoice financing, such as factoring, involves liquidating or selling a business’s accounts receivables in exchange for quick funding. Some businesses look to trade financing to supply their inventory. The business will tell its financer the amount and cost of goods needed, and the financer will pay for the goods. The business then repays the amount financed over a specified period of time.

Most companies that provide business finance solutions also offer ways to protect and increase a business’s capital. Credit protection safeguards a business from daily risks, such as customers not paying on time, so that the business does not suffer incredible losses. This makes it much easier for the business to borrow money in the future, and it protects the balance sheet. A finance solution may also offer business insurance plans that increase the stability of a business. The most common types of business insurance are employee and public liability, car, property, and health insurance. These business finance solutions are designed to protect businesses against potential losses.

Popular Business and Finance Magazine Subscription

In today’s highly competitive business industry, subscribing to popular business and finance magazines are more important than ever before. These trade magazines can help you become updated with the current trends in your business niche. Whether you want new insights into your particular market or the current trends today in management, business and finance mags can surely help you. 

There are literally hundreds of business magazines. They vary in many aspects. Many Sites offer cheap subscriptions of the most popular business and finance magazines. This can provide you with unbelievably big discounts than when subscribing to the publisher itself, or even more savings than buying them in your local newsstand. 

But the main question now is, among these popular business mags, how do you know if you are making the right choice? Here are some tips to help you search for a good business magazine that is sure to benefit you and your business: 

1. Look for magazines that covers every aspect of your business. You may need to get more than one type of business and finance magazine. You may even use some other subscription when necessary. For example, if your target market are teens, you will find a teen magazine subscription useful as means of market research. You can use theoretical or management magazines to help you look for solutions when issues arise. Do not limit your resources when it comes to your business. Magazines provide lots of information that you cannot find elsewhere. 

2. Take advantage of free magazine subscriptions. There are free magazine subscriptions that publishers provide. However, they usually need to fill up an application form which requires you to describe your qualifications. When filling out the form, do not exaggerate and be as truthful as possible. Consider the possibility that the magazine publisher may deny your request, as these free subscriptions are only provided on a limited basis. 

3. Make sure that you make a good use of your business magazine subscription. Remember that popular business and finance magazines do not come cheap. Make the most use of it by reading from page to page. Even if an article is not quite related to your niche, take time to read it. You will be surprised that it can bring you information you didn’t know before. Of course, make sure you do not order more business magazine subscriptions that you can read.

Where Business and Law Meet

Starting a business can be a daunting prospect. There are loads of people to help you establish one and the law is there to guide you with each step. Just follow them and you are open for business.

Before the start-up

You need to gather your finances, decide upon the type of company structure (solo, LLP, partnership, limited company), the area of business, the supply demand in the current market, etc have to be very carefully planned.

Taxes

A part of your hard-earned cash is in some way going to go into the government’s pockets. If you are running a limited company, corporation tax (21%) is levied. Value added tax is levied on goods within UK (15%). If you have employee then additional national insurance has to be contributed. Solo traders pay taxes via self assessment and register with Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs.

Banking and insurance

It is mandated by the law to have a separate business account for all traders. Insurance is another integral part of business. This too is a legal requirement. A commercial lawyer can give you accurate advice on how to handle insurance. Solo traders are exempted from these laws if they own 50% of the share capital. Some types of insurance are:

Insurance is mandatory as per public liability in case somebody visits your company premises.

Employer’s liability in case you hire employee.

Professional indemnity is for those businesses providing services. It is a legal requirement for accountants and highly recommended for others.

Funding and payments

Sometimes it can be difficult to raise the capital all on your own. You may want an investor. The laws dealing with business and finances come into action.

For payments, the Late payment of commercial debts Act 1998 gives businesses the rights to charge interest for late payments.

Sales

The sales of goods act, 1979 and amendment act of 1994 form the legal bridge between you and the consumers. These laws talk of the consumer’s rights, disputes and remedies. If you want to export the gods, there are separate export laws and taxes to be looked into.

Employing staff

Hire an employment solicitor to draft an employment contract between you and the employee. The contract needs to be very clear and crisp, addressing every possible situation. There should be no loopholes for unnecessary compensation claims. The contract must speak of the damages to be paid for in case of breach of contract.

The company lawyer should make sure that the workplace, the ethics, the mode of working, etc are in sync with the legal requirements.

Business and law are mutually interlinked in every step. The law makes sure the business is fair with the competition act, that no property disputes arise through commercial property law and that the business runs smoothly for everybody with the elaborate commercial law.

Accounts Receivable Factoring And Financing

Accounts receivable factoring is one of the most flexible and immediate financing solutions available to small and medium size business owners to obtain immediate working capital to meet its current financial obligations and accommodate other business needs which can be utilized to purchase inventory and equipment as well as freeing up cash flow to bid on new contracts.

Accounts receivable factoring enables a business to reduce the amount of cash balances outstanding it has with its clients which enables the business to have more cash on hand which allows the business to put to use the cash into investment which spurs the company’s growth.

A great deal of business have cash flow structure that vary greatly. Many business experience seasonal productivity where some months are extremely busy where some months are the opposite. Regardless of the seasonality of the business, even when a business is undergoing its unproductive months, the business is still required to meet payroll, overhead and other business expenses.

Because of this fact, many companies must maintain a cash balance on hand to meet these obligations and utilize Accounts receivable factoring to sell these outstanding invoices for cash rather than waiting 30, 60, 90 business days to receive their cash for services and products rendered.

Accounts receivable factoring varies greatly from traditional financing because the most important factor in funding is always the credit worthiness of the debtor. In contrast, the fundamental emphasis in a traditional bank lending funding relationship is always on the creditworthiness and financial history of the borrower, not that of the business clients.

The greatest value of Accounts receivable factoring is that it provides business owners the ability to turn the business around and generate higher profits and margins. It also allows the business to bid on opportunities and generate new business that otherwise would have had to be turned down because it did not have the cash on hand to meet the inventory, service and product needs.

As banks continue to be highly restrictive in their lending underwriting, Accounts receivable factoring will enable small and medium size business owners obtain the cash flow they need to grow their business and finance their growth and prosperity.

Today many factoring companies continue to advance funds to small and medium size business whose clients are more credit worthy organizations and contract with Government. While the vast majority of accounts receivable factoring firms never take possession of the goods and services their factoring clients sell, sold, factors offer a host of financial advice when advancing funds.

Accounts receivable factoring firms provide key services to their clients: detailed information on the creditworthiness of the clients whose accounts they will factor, reports on the collection of the invoice, as well as making the actual collection calls for the service and products rendered.

Finance University – A Head Start With Leading Business and Management Education

Students with lifelong aspirations of being at the cutting edge of business and finance should not do anything by halves and enroll at a London business school to secure a head start with leading business and management education.

Submerging yourself in the City of London and its intellectual hub gives students the opportunity enjoy top education from professionals and companies with stimulating research and debate on key issues facing international business and finance.

The beauty of studying at a London finance university is that it offers an unrivalled range of world class business courses with a truly international perspective – attracting some of the best international talent into undergraduate and Masters programmes. This is a great way to test yourself against scholars of the highest calibre.

Teaching at a finance university generally boasts internationally recognised academic talent with years of experience in industry. London business schools also benefit from their City links with the ability to call upon industry experts to give a highly sought after practical dimension to programmes. Not only does this give the necessary intellectual theory behind the practice it can work as an inspiration to succeed.

Students who consider taking the path of study all the way through to Doctorate level will be thrown right in at the deep end in terms of research of key areas in global business. With the chance to establish leadership in research areas from the Eurozone to pensions and property, their findings not only influence policy and industry practice but also fuel the contents of future BSc, MSc and MBA programmes.

Business University – Intellectual Hubs for Business and Finance Students

Finding a business university that meets all the needs of its students can be a difficult challenge for prospective undergraduates and postgraduates. Scholars with a natural flair and a passion to forge a career in business and finance will undoubtedly know that the City of London remains the intellectual and commercial hub of global finance.

Studying at a London business university gives students versatility with some of the widest portfolios of BA and Masters programmes in Europe. London attracts students from all four corners of the globe, and its universities serve the needs of professionals and companies through management education and by stimulating research and debate on key issues facing international business and finance.

Many London business universities focus on attracting the leaders of tomorrow into their undergraduate and Masters programmes, as well as some of the best international talent into MBA and PhD programmes.

Research is a crucial factor in any teaching institution and prospective students should consider a business university that undertakes research of national and international significance to its students.

The beauty of studying in London is that financial institutions have strong relationships with the city, creating a virtuous circle of learning. Students can benefit from the experience of business, and business benefits from the quality of a university’s academic thinking and research.

As a result of its business and commercial growth, London remains the most populous city and metropolitan area within the European Union. A London business university can provide a great balance between an enlightening education and the thrill of living in a city that’s home to a diverse range of cultures, and religions, speaking over 300 different languages.

Business and Finance – Business Plans for Smaller Organizations

Being a small business entrepreneur whether you are the Personal Trainer or Telemarketer, there is really more need to be organized. While a certain amount of spontaneity is valuable and expected of small business, some structure and planning is vital if you are going to compete with what bigger corporations offer. You should really visualize the scope of your business and record it. This can give you a significant idea of what your obstacles are, your current status, what your vision for your business is, and how close you are to realizing them.

The first thing is to make sure to get everything on paper. This gives you a starting point, and something of a reference to revise if things need to be changed later on. The initial business plan can make sure that you, your contracted workers, and your investors are all on the same page.

The first thing that you need to start with is a description of your business. This includes the plans for what your business will do, services that you plan to provide and what goods you will produce. Basically, this will verbalize the scope of your business. While this can be enlarged later, you’ll realize that writing down of your terms and limits is essential for business growth. This is also a good place to include what type of goals you have. While they can be broad goals that you want to abide by, you should build on it with some rough financial figures that you are wishing for.

The next part of your small business plan should consider the market, both where it stands and where you will fit in. Why is your service necessary and the way your service will impact the market? How are you going to get some buzz going about your services and how will your business affect different types of clients? This section basically “proves” your business has a reason for being and gives strong reasons why it should be something to put your time and energy into, so take some extra time here.

The money end of things is going to be the next part that you should tackle. Include everyday supply expenses, license costs, money for emergencies and anything you can think of that will require money. Because virtually all investors will want to study your business plan primarily for this section, this is of utmost importance for you to work on. If you need to, look at small business plans from similar businesses to see the way that they have approached this section. Although an accurate view of your business where it stands is important, don’t forget to look to the future.

You just need one more step, consider management. Who is in charge, and what are their responsibilities? This is a good method to keep things organized and identify responsibilities. Like any other part of the plan, it can be modified, but the vital thing is to have it there in the first place.

Take some time to be confident that your business plan is the best you can do, and you will know that your small business will start out the way you want it much faster.